Saturday, February 11, 2012

The Development of Jazz Music in the World (II)

After jazz spread throughout the United States, jazz had a variety of developments. In the 1920s, the color of jazz changed again and it was called Dixieland jazz.

Actually, Dixieland is the designation for the United States. Jazz was finally called Dixieland jazz because this jazz used more simple instruments. This jazz was also identical with the Americans at the time.

Some researchers said that this jazz did not use drums as a regulator of the rhythm of music, but rather used a kind of jagged wood, such as laundry equipment plus a few brass-section, such as trumpet, trombone, and clarinet. Also, it was added with a touch of typical American musical instrument, the banjo.

Over time, the instruments used in playing this jazz also changed. Dixie jazz began using piano, guitar instead of banjo, string bass instead of tuba, and then the drums began to be used again. In this music, improvisation was conducted jointly by the soloists from the beginning to the end of the song.

After dixie, jazz evolved again and the next form of jazz was known as swing jazz. In the swing, the improvisation was done in turns. It was said as the swing because this music swelled and swayed, and the rhythm of swing was very expressive.

When the dixie used beat 8 or 8 beats, swing used a triplet (3 beats) or 16 beats. Thus, the rhythm of swing jazz felt more intriguing because it was noisy and dense music. Swing era lasted from the early 1930s until the mid-1940. Because the swing hit almost all corners of the United States, swing became one of American cultures. This term was often called as Mainstream.

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